The BSAP remained ‘the first line of defence’, the sole established military unit
in Southern Rhodesia for fifty years. Although a sprinkling of its members were drawn
into the Southern Rhodesia Staff Corps in the thirties and thus formed the nucleus
of what was to become, in very broad terms, the Rhodesian Army, it was members of
the BSAP, both black and white who fought against the Germans in both German East
and West Africa during the First World War.
Over twenty years later many members of the Police served in East Africa, the Mediterranean
and Middle East during the Second World War. The BSAP, traditionally and proudly
held the position of “Right of the Line".
In 1966 PATU (Police Anti Terrorist Unit) was formed to carry out special duties
involving combating the African Nationalists that were involved in terrorist activities.
As the war escalated the combat duties of the BSAP expanded and several new units
were formed for special anti-terrorist duties.
The highly successful Support Unit, known as the Black Boots
The SB Scouts, a special branch unit of special agents for intelligence gathering